Resources about camels and camel culture for kids and classrooms.
1836 - General George Crossman recommends camels for military use; assigns Major Henry C. Wayne to study feasibility.
March 3, 1855 - Jeﬀerson Davis's $30,000 camel appropriation passed by Congress.
May 10, 1855 - Davis orders Wayne to go with Navy Lt. David D. Porter to the Levant for camels. Navy storeship USS Supply is outfitted with special barn between decks to accommodate camels.
July 8, 1855 - Camp Verde established in Texas northwest of San Antonio. February 15, 1856 - Voyage home begins from the Levant with 33 camels.
May 14, 1856 - 34 camels (one born en route) are unloaded onto Texas soil at Lake Powderhorn, 3 miles below port city of Indianola.
August 26, 1856 - Camels arrive at Camp Verde.
November 15, 1856 - Supply sets sail from the Levant with a second load of 44 camels. Syrian camel driver Hadji Ali (Hi Jolly) aboard.
February 10, 1857 - Supply lands at Indianola with 41 camels (3 died en route).
May, 1857 - Second group of camels arrives at Camp Verde.
June 25, 1857 - Beale expedition sets out from San Antonio with 25 camels, surveying a wagon road from Ft. Deﬁance New Mexico Territory to eastern border of California on the Colorado River.
May 23, 1859 - Echols/Hartz expedition departs Camp Hudson with camels for reconnaissance of Big Bend region of Texas
June 11, 1860 - Echols expedition commences with 20 camels to map new supply routes and survey new fort sites on the Rio Grande.
February 28, 1861 - Camp Verde surrendered to Confederacy. 80 camels on post at the time
September 9, 1863 - US government advertises Beale's 25 camels for sale in California. Entire herd bought by Samuel McLeneghan (McLaughlin), California rancher.
March 9, 1866 - 66 Texas camels auctioned for $31 each. Entire herd bought by Bethel Coopwood for use in mail run trom Laredo, Texas to Mexico City.
November 30, 1869 - Camp Verde abandoned.
Download a curriculum handout for grades 2-4 about the role of camels in transportation in the 19th century southwest United States.